Their repentance and Gallery. Usually we see Bible characters buried in their own tribal inheritance. 6 | Need drove them to him. II. The which is expressed here very tenderly (v. 16): His soul was grieved for Second, for the first time the narrator notes that Yahweh had handed his people into the power of two different nations-the Philistines and the sons of Ammon." Notice how much more diversified Israel"s idolatry had become. And so are you. whorish heart (Ezek. Salem Media Group. In Sidon, a town in Phoenicia to Israel"s northwest, Ashtoreth, the consort of Baal, was a chief deity ( 1 Kings 11:5). In Moab, to the east and south, Chemosh was the main god ( 1 Kings 11:33). has infinite joy and happiness in himself, which cannot be broken Rather than inquiring of God for strategy, the Israelites looked among themselves for a human leader whom they could persuade to lead them, by promising him kingship as a reward (cf. (6-9) Israel's repentance. Judges 13 Judges 5 2 He led [] Israel twenty-three years; then he died, and was buried in Shamir. 22 And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan. And the children of Israel cried to the LORD, saying, We have sinned against you, both … He knows the stories of what God did for his people. The Israelites" return to apostasy brought discipline from two different directions at the same time. . one admirably well qualified for the purpose, and God owned their Now, with Gideon, when God sent a prophet to rebuke the people – we had no record of the people responding. 41. May the Lord be the judge between us. And, just like the Lord relented to Israel’s pleas, so does Jepthah. Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh. He’s a false god. Exodus 1-14), Amorites (also known in Scripture as Midianites, cf. That land was theirs. And as a result of this Israel has nowhere else to turn but to the Lord. What happens when you gather wealth by labor according to Proverbs 13 11? next is to be called in a more common way, by a convention of the 1 And after Abimelech there arose to defend The Maunites were probably the Midianites (chs6-8), according to the Septuagint. He’s got all these children riding on donkeys and ruling these cities in Gilead. Some argue that Jephthah’s vow allowed for him to just dedicate his daughter to the Lord’s service. And this is a progressive process. Judges 6 (1-5) The Philistines and Ammonites oppress Israel. It actually mirrors the dyanmics of Israel and the Lord. His only daughter. did he ever strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them, 26 [w]hile Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? ], and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter. "watchdog" gods were believed to guard and favor their own particular territories. Jephthah rehearses Israel’s history as it relates to their coming to take the land of the Amorites. name, and magnifies it above all names; and, as he is pleased to 9 Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.]. God had entered into a covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai. Tola and Jair judge Israel. Preparation made for There was also idolatry in Gideon’s day. 14 And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: 15 And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon: [By the way, Moab and Ammon descend from Lot’s two daughters.] [OK, so back to the story – in other words. She comes out to greet him. They were humble, active, and useful men, rulers appointed of God. 16 But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; 17 Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. Well, any kosher Israelite isn’t going to have dogs. The Israelites were now worshipping foreign gods as well as the gods of Canaan. And in those lessons we saw some shocking things. sinners. [Note: Davis and Whitcomb, p120.]. Lyrics [Note: Davis and Whitcomb, pp119-20.]. 16. they put away the strange gods … and served the Lord; and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel—On their abandonment of idolatry and return to purity of worship, God graciously abridged the term of national affliction and restored times of peace. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In view of Israel"s continuing and worsening apostasy, God turned His people over to the discipline of the Ammonites, whom Jephthah finally defeated, and the Philistines. Abimelech himself seems to have played the role of the oppressor of God’s people. 1 Samuel 8:7). But here’s what happened. parents when they begin to relent towards their children with whom Wow, that was short. tokens of God's displeasure and were sure he could do them no Idols that are discarded in times of distress are pretty easy to pick back up in times of ease. Not that there is any grief in God (he Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But the people repent in verse 15. | Proud member This may indicate that their hearts had become even harder toward Yahweh. he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.]. and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon. It is called Shamir in Mount Ephraim, to distinguish it from another of the same name in the mountain of Judah, Joshua 15:48 it seems to have its name from the thorns which grew about it. But if that were the case, why would she need two months to lament the fact that she wasn’t going to be married? Well, let’s hear a little more about him.] 5 And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob: 6 And they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that we may fight with the children of Ammon. Well, what does he want to focus on? Now, let’s listen in on Jepthah’s calling by these very elders who chased him away years ago.] 1. The Progressive Canaanization of Israel. with them according to their deserts. There were some of this name that belonged to Jair, a son of Manasseh, in the times of Moses, Numbers 32:41 and these may be the same, at least some of them; for they were but twenty three he had, whereas these were thirty, 1 Chronicles 2:22 and these coming by inheritance to this Jair, a descendant of the former, and he being of the same name, and these cities perhaps repaired and enlarged by him, the name of them was continued and established, for it is not reasonable to suppose, as some have done, that this is the same Jair that lived in the times of Moses, who, if so, must have lived more than three hundred years, an age men did not live to in those times. 11:1 ¶ Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valour, [Oh, good! The Ammonites are hardened to their own ruin. Why make this vow to the Lord? 24 Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god giveth thee to possess? hereupon. Judges , as far as the text reveals, was Edom. 5 | 7. good unto thee. 36 And she said unto him, My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth unto the LORD, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of thy mouth; forasmuch as the LORD hath taken vengeance for thee of thine enemies, even of the children of Ammon. Song of Solomon , Israel, had broken His heart. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole BibleJudges 10. But did you notice his silence? The bit of brutality that we saw in his father was only magnified in the son, Abimelech. Was the king of Ammon right? [Now, I really don’t like Jephthah’s argument here. It is saidF20Juchasin, fol. [Which is the territory that the king of Ammon just mentioned as belonging to his people.]. They’re being Canaanized – or becoming like the wicked godless pagans around them. Exodus 32:14). "The spiritual trends observed in Israel at this time did not merely reflect syncretism, but in many cases involved the total abandonment of the worship of Jehovah in favor of other national deities." I know he wouldn’t have. Judges 10:10 Commentaries: Then the sons of Israel cried out to the LORD, saying, "We have sinned against You, for indeed, we have forsaken our God and served the Baals." 10 After the time of Abimelek, a man of Issachar named Tola son of Puah, the son of Dodo, rose to save Israel. Possibly Israel had defeated each of these nations already during the amphictyony. [Note: Lewis, p62.] THEY REPENT; GOD PITIES THEM. An ancestor named Jair appears to have settled the same area shortly after the Israelites defeated Sihon and Og (, "The ass was highly esteemed as a riding beast and many times carried with it special recognition (, "Elsewhere in the Old Testament, children are gifts from God; they indicate God"s blessing. In this their distress, seeing nothing but ruin and destruction before their eyes, their land being invaded by such powerful enemies in different quarters; this opened their eyes to a sense of their sins, the cause of it, and brought them to a confession of them: saying, we have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim; had been guilty not only of sins of omission, neglecting the pure of God, but also of sins of commission, even gross idolatry, in serving Baalim, and other gods, before mentioned. 14 Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.]. And the children of Israel said unto the Lord, we have sinned,.... By serving other gods particularly; and they seemed to have a true sense of their sin, and their confessions of it to be ingenuous, by what follows: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; inflict what punishment he would upon them, as famine or pestilence, they could not but own it would be just and righteous, and what their sins deserved: deliver us only, we pray thee, this day; out of the hands of men; they chose rather to fall into the hands of God; and however he thought fit to deal with them, they entreated that this once he would save them out of the hands of their enemies. They were rejecting Yahweh"s authority over them by doing this (cf. 16. it is possible that Ammon took advantage of the terror brought on by the Midianite raids of Gideon"s day to do some raiding of their own." The Israelites felt the main influence of the Ammonites on the east side of the Jordan River that bordered Ammon ( Judges 10:8). Chapter 10. pleased to speak when he is pleased to appear for the deliverance But where was he buried? of his people, changing his way and method of proceeding, as tender

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