If we balance this reaction, we get 3 Potassiums react with one Aluminum Hydroxide to produce 3 Potassium Hydroxide, and Aluminum. It's going to produce Potassium Hydroxide is soluble. These are not different. This is redox reaction. Because Aluminum Hydroxide is aqueous, we ignore that it separates into its ions in solution. A substitution or single displacement reaction is characterized by one element being displaced from a compound by another element. So yes, a reaction will take place. \[\ce{Zn} \left( s \right) + 2 \ce{HCl} \left( aq \right) \rightarrow \ce{ZnCl_2} \left( aq \right) + \ce{H_2} \left( g \right)\]. © 2020 Brightstorm, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Are, Learn Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. In this general reaction, element \(\ce{A}\) is a metal and replaces element \(\ce{B}\), also a metal, in the compound. So we have 3 Potassium, plus Aluminum ions, plus 3 Hydroxide ions. So, the Calcium here, can replace Sodium, Aluminum, Manganese, and Zinc, but cannot replace Potassium and Lithium. We also might be familiar if we're learning about redox. This subcategory of single-replacement reactions is called a metal replacement reaction because it is a metal that is being replaced (copper). If X is a non-metal, it will replace Y.The next question we should ask ourselves is, when will a metal replace another metal? \[\ce{Mg} \left( s \right) + \ce{Cu(NO_3)_2} \left( aq \right) \rightarrow \ce{Mg(NO_3)_2} \left( aq \right) + \ce{Cu} \left( s \right)\]. AP® is a registered trademark of the College Board, which has not reviewed this resource. So we can't cross out the +3. Predicting Products of Single Replacement Reactions - YouTube The products of such a reaction are the metal hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Zinc reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce aqueous zinc chloride and hydrogen (figure below). All group 1 metals undergo this type of reaction. The other reactant will be a compound. This would be our ionic. When a strip of magnesium metal is placed in an aqueous solution of copper (II) nitrate, it replaces the copper. [ "article:topic", "showtoc:no", "license:ccbync", "program:ck12" ]. A is by itself. So there's exchange of electrons going on here. I listed both to the right. If you're not learning about redox right now, let's ignore that. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Potassium is going from Potassium with no charge to Potassium with a +1 charge. How to Solve Single Replacement Reactions, How to Solve Single Replacement Reactions - Concept. If it comes in contact with any compound, a reaction will take place, because Lithium is the most active metal in the periodic table. When the element that is doing the replacing is a nonmetal, it must replace another nonmetal in a compound, and the general equation becomes: \[\ce{Y} + \ce{XZ} \rightarrow \ce{XY} + \ce{Z}\].

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