This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/Hereford-breed-of-cattle. Not only does the fertile Hereford cow generally produce calves easily, she can be bred at an earlier age and continue producing calves later in life than comparable breeds. The Hereford also has met with much success under range conditions of Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Uruguay, and southern Brazil. The Hereford colour is characteristic, with the body colour varying from rust brown to a deep rich red. For farmers and ranchers, that good temperament is an important safety factor. The characteristic color, red color with a white face and white markings, has been fixed for only a comparatively short time. This didn't come about by accident, but by cattle producers breeding for the most important traits since the origin of the Hereford back in mid-18th century England. The outstanding characteristics of the breed are uniformity of colour, early maturity, and ability to thrive under adverse conditions. There are both horned and polled version of … PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Oklahoma State University: Polled Hereford, Hereford Cattle Society: Attributes of the Hereford Breed, The Good & Poor Qualities About Duroc Pigs. Lower wintering costs. What Are Some Physical Characteristics of Corriedale Sheep? Herefords are known for their docility, making them easy to manage and work with. Greater weight for age and rate of gain either at pasture or on yard feeding. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. An adaptable breed, Herefords flourish in various climates and terrains, making them a good choice for breeders internationally. Traditional Hereford is considered a minority breed of genetic importance. The characteristic colour, red with a white face and white markings, has been fixed for only a comparatively short time. Greater economy of gain in feeding. The are usually dark red to red-yellow in color with a white face. The Traditional Hereford is now treated as a minority breed of value for genetic conservation. It is believed that this cattle breed is the descendant of Roman Briton’s small red cattle. Shape The World. In the United States a Polled Hereford strain was developed around 1900 by selecting naturally hornless registered Herefords. When the 1st herd book was published in 1846, the editor, gro… Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. The Differences between Black Angus & Chianina Cows. Be Her Village. According to The Cattle Site, "Many breeders keep their elderly cattle until they die of natural causes.". They have white flanks and white markings below the knees and hocks also. Heifer Bull and Herd Bull: What Is the Difference? The outstanding characteristics of the breed are uniformity of colour, early maturity, and ability to thrive under adverse conditions. Many strains of Hereford have used other cattle breeds to import desired characteristics, and this has led to changes in the breed as a whole. Known as good foragers, Herefords are extremely efficient at converting grass into body mass. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The number of Polled Herefords has increased rapidly; herds are found throughout the United States, including Hawaii, and the strain has been widely exported. Hereford cattle are commonly available in red and white color.

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